OWL for Sampling Features

IRI:
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite
Previous version:
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/isotc211/iso19156/2011/sampling (visualise it with LODE)
Authors:
Simon Jonathan David COX CSIRO
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3884-3420
Imported Ontologies:
http://www.w3.org/ns/prov (visualise it with LODE)
Other visualisation:
Ontology source

Abstract

An OWL representation of the Sampling Features Schema described in clauses 9-11 of ISO 19156:2011 Geographic Information - Observations and Measurements. In contrast to previous versions developed through SSN and in conjunction with ISO 19150-2, this ontology has minimal dependencies on existing ontologies, particularly those that trigger extended chains of imports. Stub classes are provided for time, geometry and measure (scaled number), which can be substituted at run-time by a suitable concrete representation of the concept. The model for Specimen has a dependency on W3C PROV-O. Specimen is modelled as a subclass of prov:Entity, so PROV can be used to describe specimen preparation chains.

Table of Content

  1. Introduction
  2. Classes
  3. Object Properties
  4. Data Properties
  5. Annotation Properties
  6. Namespace Declarations

Introduction

A simple OWL representation of the Sampling Features Schema described in clauses 9-11 of ISO 19156:2011 Geographic Information - Observations and Measurements

Classes

Collection of sampling featuresc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#SamplingCollection

is defined by
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite
The member sampling features are intended to sample domain features, as indicated by one or more sampledFeature properties. If only one is present then this is the sampled feature of all the member sampling features, unless locally overridden.
has super-classes
has memberop min 1
is in domain of
has memberop

Elevationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#Elevation

is defined by
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite
Simple model for elevation, expressed as a vertical offset from a datum
has super-classes
vertical offset from a datumdp exactly 1
vertical (elevation) datumop max 1
is in range of
sampling elevationop

geometry objectc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/om-lite#GeometryObject

is equivalent to
Geometry objectc

Geometry objectc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#GeometryObject

is defined by
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite
Geometry object has properties relating to geometry, incuding positional and topological attributes, reference system, accuracy and precision. Might be geolocated. This stub is included in the sam: ontology to support references to geometry in various places. An existing concrete OWL class that represents the notion of a geometry may be asserted to be a sub-class of this stub, without requiring use of a specific representation of Geometry in the context of sampling.
has super-classes
Locationc
thingc
has sub-classes
Spatial curvec, Spatial pointc, Spatial solidc, Spatial surfacec
is in range of
spatial sampling feature shapeop

Locationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#Location

is defined by
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite
Location, expressed as either a geometry object or feature samfl:GeometryObject is subclass w3geo:SpatialThing, geosparql:SpatialObject are subclasses
has sub-classes
Geometry objectc
is in range of
current locationop, sampling locationop

measure objectc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/om-lite#MeasureObject

is equivalent to
Measure or quantityc

Measure or quantityc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#Measure

is defined by
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite
Scaled number. This is an abstract class, which should be substituted by a suitable concrete representation of a measure or quantity at run-tme. oml:SimpleMeasure <http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/om-lite#SimpleMeasure> qudt:QuantityValue <http://qudt.org/schema/qudt#QuantityValue> DUL:Region <http://www.loa-cnr.it/ontologies/DUL.owl#Region> are candidates.
is in range of
specimen sizeop

Observation processc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#ObservationProcess

is defined by
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite
Process used in an observation, including sensors, algorithms, computation methods The result of application of an observation process is an observation result - i.e. an estimate of a property value.
is in range of
hosted procedure or instrumentop
is disjoint with
Sampling processc

processc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/om-lite#Process

is equivalent to
Observation processc

Sampling curvec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#SamplingCurve

is defined by
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite
Spatial sampling feature whose shape is a 1-D manifold (Curve) Transect, traverse, flightline, cruise, trajectory, borehole, etc
has super-classes
Spatial sampling featurec
spatial sampling feature shapeop only Spatial curvec

Sampling Featurec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#SamplingFeature

is defined by
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite
Sampling features are artefacts of an observational strategy, and have no significant function outside of their role in the observation process. The physical characteristics of the features themselves are of little interest, except perhaps to the manager of a sampling campaign. EXAMPLE A “station” is essentially an identifiable locality where a sensor system or procedure may be deployed and an observation made. In the context of the observation model, it connotes the “world in the vicinity of the station”, so the observed properties relate to the physical medium at the station, and not to any physical artefact such as a mooring, buoy, benchmark, monument, well, etc. NOTE A transient sampling feature, such as a ships-track or flight-line, might be identified and described, but is unlikely to be revisited exactly. A sampling feature is intended to sample some feature-of-interest in an application domain, so there is an expectation of at least one sampledFeature property. However, in some cases the identity, and even the exact type, of the sampled feature may not be known when observations are made using the sampling features.
has super-classes
entity
sampled featureop min 1
has sub-classes
Spatial sampling featurec, Specimenc
is in domain of
sampling feature complexop
is in range of
has memberop, related sampling featureop

Sampling feature complexc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#SamplingFeatureComplex

is defined by
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite
Resource that relates a sampling feature to another sampling feature with a role indicating the nature of the relationship. Sampling features are frequently related to each other, as parts of complexes, through sub-sampling, and in other ways. If present, the association class SamplingFeatureComplex (Figure 9) shall link an SF_SamplingFeature to another SF_SamplingFeature.
has super-classes
related sampling featureop min 0
roleop exactly 1
is in domain of
roleop
is in range of
sampling feature complexop

Sampling pointc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#SamplingPoint

is defined by
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite
Spatial sampling feature whose shape is a 0-D manifold (Point) Often referred to as a 'station', 'pixel', 'probe-spot' etc.
has super-classes
Spatial sampling featurec
spatial sampling feature shapeop only Spatial pointc

Sampling processc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#Process

is defined by
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/isotc211/iso19156/2011/sampling
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite
Agent, device, protocol, or plan responsible for transforming a sampling features. The result of a application of a sampling process is a - new or - transformed sample.
has super-classes
agent
is in range of
sampling methodop
is disjoint with
Observation processc

Sampling solidc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#SamplingSolid

is defined by
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite
Spatial sampling feature whose shape is a 3-D manifold (Solid)
has super-classes
Spatial sampling featurec
spatial sampling feature shapeop only Spatial solidc

Sampling surfacec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#SamplingSurface

is defined by
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite
Spatial sampling feature whose shape is a 2-D manifold (Surface) Scene, swath, cross-section, level, quadrat, area-of-interest, fence, etc.
has super-classes
Spatial sampling featurec
spatial sampling feature shapeop only Spatial surfacec

Spatial curvec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#Curve

is defined by
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite
1-D geometric object This stub is included in the sam: ontology to support constraints on the sam:shape property of a sam:SamplingCurve. An existing OWL class that represents the notion of a Curve may be asserted to be a sub-class of this stub, but without requiring use of any particular representation of Curve in the context of a sam:SamplingCurve instance.
has super-classes
Geometry objectc

Spatial pointc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#Point

is defined by
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite
0-D geometric object This stub is included in the sam: ontology to support constraints on the sam:shape property of a sam:SamplingPoint. An existing OWL class that represents the notion of a Point may be asserted to be a sub-class of this stub, but without requiring use of any particular representation of Point in the context of a sam:SamplingPoint instance.
has super-classes
Geometry objectc

Spatial sampling featurec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#SpatialSamplingFeature

is defined by
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite
Sampling feature whose defining characteristic is that it samples the intended feature by geometric subsetting. When observations are made to estimate properties of a geospatial feature, in particular where the value of a property varies within the scope of the feature, a spatial sampling feature is used. Depending on accessibility and on the nature of the expected property variation, the sampling feature may be extensive in one, two or three spatial dimensions. Processing and visualization methods are often dependent on the topological dimension of the sampling manifold, so this provides a natural classification system for sampling features. This classification follows common practice in focussing on conventional spatial dimensions. Properties observed on sampling features may be time-dependent, but the temporal axis does not generally contribute to the classification of sampling feature classes. Sampling feature identity is usually less time-dependent than the property value.
has super-classes
Sampling Featurec
spatial sampling feature shapeop exactly 1
has sub-classes
Sampling curvec, Sampling pointc, Sampling solidc, Sampling surfacec
is in domain of
hosted procedure or instrumentop, spatial sampling feature shapeop

Spatial solidc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#Solid

is defined by
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite
3-D geometric object, whose exterior is a shell This stub is included in the sam: ontology to support constraints on the sam:shape property of a sam:SamplingSolid. An existing OWL class that represents the notion of a Solid may be asserted to be a sub-class of this stub, but without requiring use of any particular representation of Solid in the context of a sam:SamplingSolid instance.
has super-classes
Geometry objectc

Spatial surfacec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#Surface

is defined by
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite
This stub is included in the sam: ontology to support constraints on the sam:shape property of a sam:SamplingSurface. An existing OWL class that represents the notion of a Surface may be asserted to be a sub-class of this stub, but without requiring use of any particular representation of Surface in the context of a sam:SamplingSurface instance.
has super-classes
Geometry objectc

Specimenc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#Specimen

is defined by
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite
A Specimen is a physical sample, obtained for observation(s) normally carried out ex-situ, sometimes in a laboratory.
has super-classes
Sampling Featurec
sampling timedp exactly 1
is in domain of
class of materialop, current locationop, sampling elevationop, sampling locationop, sampling methodop, sampling timedp, specimen sizeop

Object Properties

class of materialop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#materialClass

Value should be taken from a vocabulary of material classes. e.g. aqueous liquid, non-aqueous liquid, soil, rock, tissue, vegetation (broad case) or finer classifications if available
has domain
Specimenc

current locationop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#currentLocation

is defined by
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite
If present, the attribute currentLocation:Location shall describe the location of a physical specimen. This may be a storage location, such as a shelf in a warehouse or a drawer in a museum. NOTE If a specimen no longer exists, for example, it was destroyed in connection with an observation act, then the currentLocation should be omitted or carry a suitable null indicator.
has domain
Specimenc
has range
Locationc

has memberop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#member

hosted procedure or instrumentop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#hostedProcedure

is defined by
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite
the association links a SpatialSamplingFeature to an Observation procedure (instrument, sensor, observer or software process) deployed at it

related sampling featureop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#relatedSamplingFeature

is defined by
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite

roleop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#role

is defined by
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite

sampled featureop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#sampledFeature

is defined by
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite
A sampling feature is established in order to make observations concerning some domain feature. The relation from the SamplingFeature to the feature which the sampling feature was designed to sample. EXAMPLE A profile typically samples a water- or atmospheric-column; a well samples the water in an aquifer; a tissue specimen samples a part of an organism.

sampling elevationop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#samplingElevation

is defined by
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite
If present, the attribute samplingElevation shall describe the elevation from where the specimen was obtained, relative to the sampling location. NOTE Where a specimen has a relatedSamplingFeature whose location provides an unambiguous elevation then this attribute is not required. However, if the specific elevationat the location, then this attribute supports its description.
has domain
Specimenc
has range
Elevationc

sampling feature complexop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#complex

is defined by
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite

sampling locationop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#samplingLocation

is defined by
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite
If present, the attribute samplingLocation:GM_Object shall describe the location from where the specimen was obtained. NOTE Where a specimen has a relatedSamplingFeature whose location provides an unambiguous location then this attribute is not required. However, if the specific sampling location within the sampledFeature is important, then this attribute supports its description.
has domain
Specimenc
has range
Locationc

sampling methodop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#samplingMethod

is defined by
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite
Process used to obtain the Specimen from its sampledFeature
has domain
Specimenc
has range
Sampling processc

spatial sampling feature shapeop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#shape

is defined by
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite

has characteristics: functional

has domain
Spatial sampling featurec
has range
Geometry objectc

specimen sizeop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#size

is defined by
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite
has domain
Specimenc
has range
Measure or quantityc

vertical (elevation) datumop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#verticalDatum

Data Properties

sampling timedp back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#samplingTime

is defined by
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite
samplingTime records when the specimen was retrieved from the sampled feature.

has characteristics: functional

has domain
Specimenc
has range
date time

vertical offset from a datumdp back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#elevation

has range
decimal or double or float

Annotation Properties

definitionap back to ToC or Annotation Property ToC

IRI: http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#definition

descriptionap back to ToC or Annotation Property ToC

IRI: http://purl.org/dc/terms/description

has versionap back to ToC or Annotation Property ToC

IRI: http://purl.org/dc/terms/hasVersion

issuedap back to ToC or Annotation Property ToC

IRI: http://purl.org/dc/terms/issued

modifiedap back to ToC or Annotation Property ToC

IRI: http://purl.org/dc/terms/modified

noteap back to ToC or Annotation Property ToC

IRI: http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#note

publisherap back to ToC or Annotation Property ToC

IRI: http://purl.org/dc/terms/publisher

titleap back to ToC or Annotation Property ToC

IRI: http://purl.org/dc/terms/title

Namespace Declarations back to ToC

default namespace
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/sam-lite#
2011
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/isotc211/iso19156/2011/
aboutdcmi
http://purl.org/dc/aboutdcmi#
dc
http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/
ns
http://www.w3.org/ns/
om
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/
om-lite
http://def.seegrid.csiro.au/ontology/om/om-lite#
orcid-org
http://orcid.org/
owl
http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#
prov
http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#
rdf
http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#
rdfs
http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#
rfc
http://www.ietf.org/rfc/
skos
http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#
terms
http://purl.org/dc/terms/
vann
http://purl.org/vocab/vann/
xsd
http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#

This HTML document was obtained by processing the OWL ontology source code through LODE, Live OWL Documentation Environment, developed by Silvio Peroni.