Scholarly Papers Vocabulary with Focus on Qualtitative Analysis

IRI:
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
Current version:
v 0.4 - correction of ResearchMethod, its class adherence and related properties.
Authors:
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spe#VeraMeister
Publisher:
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1391182
Other visualisation:
Ontology source

Abstract

The vocabulary is meant to be used at first as schema for OntoWiki. Since this system doesn't process blank nodes in the intended way, the abstract nodes for specifying qualitative aspects of scholarly papers shall be modeled explicitely.

Table of Content

  1. Introduction
  2. Classes
  3. Object Properties
  4. Data Properties
  5. Named Individuals
  6. Annotation Properties
  7. Namespace Declarations

Introduction

This ontology is mainly defined under the reuse of schema.org classes, relations and attributes. It is aimed at the support of research groups in the field of Business Modeling and Knowledge Engineering (BMaKE) in their collaborative work for qualitatively analyzing scholarly papers as well as sharing the results of that analyses and judgements. The main contribution of this vocabulary are five specific classes for structuring and collecting the following qualitative characteristics of scholarly papers: research objectives, research methods, research findings, future work, critique. An additional inner structure is proposed for research objectives, qualifying them as schema:StructuredValue and combining them from two lists: research action types and research artifacts. The specific classes are subclasses of schema:ItemList. In addition, the classes for research methods, research action types and research artifacts are declared as subclasses of enumeration. Thus the typical methods, activities and research artifacts of the research area can be listed in the vocabulary itself.

Classes

Creative Workc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/CreativeWork

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Here used primarily for scientific papers, conference proceeding and related creative work.
has sub-classes
Creative Work Seriesc, Scholarly Articlec
is in domain of
aboutop, date createdop, date modifiedop, editorop, keywordsop, publisherop, textop

Creative Work Seriesc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/CreativeWorkSeries

is defined by
https://schema.org/
The class of Conference proceedings - regardless of the publication format.
has super-classes
Creative Workc
is in range of
is part ofop, recorded inop

Critiquec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#Critique

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
Unformalized list of critical issues observed in an analyzed scientific paper.
has super-classes
Item Listc

Data Typec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/DataType

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Encompasses basic data types for typing literals.
has sub-classes
Datec, Date and Timec, Textc

Datec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/Date

is defined by
https://schema.org/
General class for all literals indicating a data.
has super-classes
Data Typec
is in range of
date createdop, date modifiedop

Date and Timec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/DateTime

is defined by
https://schema.org/
General class for all literals indicating a data and a time.
has super-classes
Data Typec
is in range of
end timeop, start timeop

Enumerationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/Enumeration

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Enumerations of aspects specifying a scientific paper, like research methods, research artifacts and research action types.
has super-classes
Intangiblec
has sub-classes
Research Action Typec, Research Method Typec, Rresearch Artifactc

Eventc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/Event

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Here used primarily for scientific conferences.
has sub-classes
Publication Eventc
is in domain of
end timeop, start timeop

Future Workc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#FutureWork

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
Unformalized list of future work announced in an analyzed scientific paper.
has super-classes
Item Listc

Intangiblec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/Intangible

is defined by
https://schema.org/
A utility class that serves as the umbrella for a number of 'intangible' things such as quantities, structured values, etc. (taken from schema.org).
has sub-classes
Enumerationc, Item Listc, Languagec, Structured Valuec

Item Listc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/ItemList

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Lists of aspects specifying a scientific paper, like research methods, research findings, research objectives, and future work.
has super-classes
Intangiblec
has sub-classes
Critiquec, Future Workc, Research Findingsc, Research Methodc, Research Methodsc, Research Objectivesc
is in domain of
item list elementop

Languagec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/Language

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Natural languages such as Spanish, German, Hindi, English, etc.
has super-classes
Intangiblec
is in range of
in languageop

Organizationc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/Organization

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Here used for two objectives: (i) to denote the affiliations of authors and other person and (ii) to indicate publishers and conference organizers.
is in domain of
legal nameop, logoop
is in range of
affiliationop, publisherop
has members
q1391182ni

Personc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/Person

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Mainly used for identifying authors, editors, attendees, contributers, organizers and other human agents.
is in domain of
additional nameop, affiliationop, family nameop, given nameop, honoric prefixop, honoric suffixop, job titleop
is in range of
attendeeop, authorop, contributorop, editorop
has members
vera meisterni

Placec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/Place

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Here used for specifying the locations of conferences and organizations.
is in range of
locationop
has members
q3931ni

Publication Eventc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/PublicationEvent

is defined by
https://schema.org/
The class of scientific conferences.
has super-classes
Eventc
is in domain of
attendeeop, contributorop, organizerop, recorded inop

Research Action Typec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResearchActionType

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
Types of research & development actions applied in Information Systems as activity aspect of a research objective.
has super-classes
Enumerationc
is in range of
research action typeop
has members
analyzeni, collectni, conceptualizeni, constructni, defineni, designni, developni, elicitni, enhanceni, evaluateni, extendni, extractni, implementni, integrateni, proveni, provideni, structureni

Research Findingsc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResearchFindings

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
Unformalized list of research findings documented in an analyzed scientific paper.
has super-classes
Item Listc

Research Methodc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResearchMethod

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
Abstract class for modeling an research method applied in an analyzed scientific paper.
has super-classes
Item Listc
is in domain of
research methodop

Research Method Typec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResearchMethodType

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
Types of research methods used in Information Systems.
has super-classes
Enumerationc
is in range of
research methodop
has members
Action Research (Wilde/Hess)ni, Argumentative Deductive Analysis (Wilde/Hess)ni, Case Study (Wilde/Hess)ni, Conceptual Deductive Analysis (Wilde/Hess)ni, Design Science (Hevner)ni, Ethnography (Wilde/Hess)ni, Field Experiment (Wilde/Hess)ni, Formal Deductive Analysis (Wilde/Hess)ni, Grounded Theory (Wilde/Hess)ni, Laboratory Experiment (Wilde/Hess)ni, Literature Review (Machi/McEvoy)ni, Prototyping (Wilde/Hess)ni, Qualitative Research (Wilde/Hess)ni, Quantitative Research (Wilde/Hess)ni, Reference Modeling (Wilde/Hess)ni, Simulation (Wilde/Hess)ni

Research Methodsc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResearchMethods

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
Abstract class for modeling a list of research methods applied in an analyzed scientific paper.
has super-classes
Item Listc

Research Objectivec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResearchObjective

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
Abstract class for modeling an research objective targeted in an analyzed scientific paper. Each research objective comprises a specific research activity and a research artifact to which the activity is applied.
has super-classes
Structured Valuec
is in domain of
research action typeop, research artifactop

Research Objectivesc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResearchObjectives

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
Abstract class for modeling a list of research objectives targeted in an analyzed scientific paper.
has super-classes
Item Listc

Rresearch Artifactc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResearchArtifact

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
Types of research & development artifacts characteristic for Information Systems asartifact aspect of a research objective.
has super-classes
Enumerationc
is in range of
research artifactop
has members
Applicationni, Blueprintni, Business Processni, Development Frameworkni, Documentationni, IT Infrastructureni, IT Systemni, Linked Datani, Methodni, Modeling Languageni, NLP Artifactni, Ontologyni, Policyni, Requirementsni, Standard, Guidelineni, Systemni, Term Definitionni, Workflowni

Scholarly Articlec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/ScholarlyArticle

is defined by
https://schema.org/
The class of scientific papers.
has super-classes
Creative Workc
is in domain of
alternative headlineop, authorop, awardop, citationop, end pagedp, headlineop, is part ofop, start pagedp

Structured Valuec back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/StructuredValue

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Structured values are used when the value of a property has a more complex structure than simply being a textual value or a reference to another thing. Here used for specifying research objectives characterized by research actions applied to research artifacts.
has super-classes
Intangiblec
has sub-classes
Research Objectivec

Textc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/Text

is defined by
https://schema.org/
General class for all literals being of any textual Datatype.
has super-classes
Data Typec
has sub-classes
URLc
is in range of
additional nameop, alternative headlineop, alternative nameop, awardop, descriptionop, emailop, family nameop, fax numberop, given nameop, headlineop, honoric prefixop, honoric suffixop, job titleop, keywordsop, legal nameop, nameop, telephoneop, textop

URLc back to ToC or Class ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/URL

is defined by
https://schema.org/
General class for all literals being an URL.
has super-classes
Textc
is in range of
imageop, logoop, same asop, urlop

Object Properties

aboutop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/about

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Is used to relate to subject matters of a creative work, mainly a scientific paper. Here mainly used to relate to blank or abstract nodes of type schema:ItemList for specifying lists of characteristics of a scientific paper, like research findings, research methods and research objectives.
has domain
Creative Workc
has range
thingc

additional nameop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/additionalName

is defined by
https://schema.org/
The additional name for person, can be used for a middle name.
has range
Textc
is also defined as
data property

affiliationop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/affiliation

Is used to indicate the affiliation of a person to an organization.
has domain
Personc
has range
Organizationc

alternative headlineop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/alternativeHeadline

is defined by
https://schema.org/
A secondary title of a scientific paper.
has range
Textc
is also defined as
data property

alternative nameop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/alternateName

is defined by
https://schema.org/
General datatype property, potentially usable for specifying alternative names of a resource.
has range
Textc
is also defined as
data property

attendeeop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/attendee

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Is used to indicate a person attending a conference.
has domain
Publication Eventc
has range
Personc

authorop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/author

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Is used to indicate a author of a scientific paper.
has domain
Scholarly Articlec
has range
Personc

awardop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/award

is defined by
https://schema.org/
An award won by or for this scientific paper.
has range
Textc
is also defined as
data property

citationop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/citation

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Is used to create references of a scientific paper to other items of creative work (particularly other papers).
has domain
Scholarly Articlec
is also defined as
data property

contributorop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/contributor

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Is used to indicate a person contributing to a conference.
has domain
Publication Eventc
has range
Personc

date createdop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/dateCreated

is defined by
https://schema.org/
The date on which the CreativeWork was created or the item was added to a DataFeed.
has range
Datec
is also defined as
data property

date modifiedop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/dateModified

is defined by
https://schema.org/
The date on which the CreativeWork was modified or the item's entry was modified within a DataFeed.
has range
Datec
is also defined as
data property

descriptionop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/description

is defined by
https://schema.org/
General datatype property, potentially usable for description of all resources.
has range
Textc
is also defined as
data property

editorop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/editor

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Is used to indicate an editor of a scientific paper or conference proceedings.
has domain
Creative Workc
has range
Personc

emailop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/email

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Email address of a person or an organization.
has range
Textc
is also defined as
data property

end timeop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/endTime

is defined by
https://schema.org/
The end time of some event.
has range
Date and Timec
is also defined as
data property

family nameop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/familyName

is defined by
https://schema.org/
The last name of a person.
has range
Textc
is also defined as
data property

fax numberop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/faxNumber

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Fax number of a person or an organization.
has range
Textc
is also defined as
data property

given nameop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/givenName

is defined by
https://schema.org/
The first name of a person.
has range
Textc
is also defined as
data property

headlineop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/headline

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Headline or title of a scientific paper.
has range
Textc
is also defined as
data property

honoric prefixop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/honoricPrefix

is defined by
https://schema.org/
An honorific prefix preceding a person's name such as Dr/Mrs/Mr.
has range
Textc
is also defined as
data property

honoric suffixop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/honoricSuffix

is defined by
https://schema.org/
An honorific suffix preceding a person's name such as M.D. /PhD/MSCSW.
has range
Textc
is also defined as
data property

imageop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/image

is defined by
https://schema.org/
General datatype property, potentially usable for relating an image of a resource.
has range
URLc
is also defined as
data property

in languageop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/inLanguage

The language of the content or performance or used in an event.
has range
Languagec
is also defined as
data property

is part ofop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/isPartOf

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Is used to indicate the proceedings where a scientific paper is published.

item list elementop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/itemListElement

is defined by
https://schema.org/
For itemListElement values can be used simple strings or existing entities.
has range
stringc or thingc
is also defined as
annotation property

job titleop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/jobTitle

is defined by
https://schema.org/
The job title of the person (for example, Knowledge Engineer).
has range
Textc
is also defined as
data property

keywordsop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/keywords

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Keywords or tags used to describe the content of a creative work. Multiple entries in a keywords list are typically delimited by commas.
has range
Textc
is also defined as
data property

legal nameop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/legalName

is defined by
https://schema.org/
The legal name of an organization.
has range
Textc
is also defined as
data property

locationop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/location

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Is used for different purposes to refer to a geographical place, e. g. for event locations (termporal) or for organization locations (permanent).
has range
Placec
is also defined as
annotation property

logoop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/logo

is defined by
https://schema.org/
An associated logo of an organization.
has range
URLc
is also defined as
data property

nameop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/name

is defined by
https://schema.org/
General datatype property, potentially usable for specifying the name of a resource.
has range
Textc
is also defined as
data property

organizerop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/organizer

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Is used to indicate a person or an organization organizing a conference.
has domain
Publication Eventc
has range
Organizationc or Personc

publisherop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/publisher

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Is used to indicate a publishing organization of a scientific paper or conference proceedings.
has domain
Creative Workc
has range
Organizationc

recorded inop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/recordedIn

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Is used to relate a conference to the corresponding proceedings.

research action typeop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#researchActionType

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
Is used in combination with research action type to indicate a research objective of a scientific paper.

research artifactop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#researchArtifact

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
Is used in combination with research action type to indicate a research objective of a scientific paper.

research methodop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#researchMethod

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
Is used to indicate a research method of a scientific paper.

same asop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/sameAs

is defined by
https://schema.org/
General datatype property, potentially usable for relating one resource to a URL representing the same resource.
has range
URLc
is also defined as
data property

start timeop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/startTime

is defined by
https://schema.org/
The start time of some event.
has range
Date and Timec
is also defined as
data property

telephoneop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/telephone

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Telephone number of a person or an organization.
has range
Textc
is also defined as
annotation property, data property

textop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/text

is defined by
https://schema.org/
The textual content of this creative work.
has range
Textc
is also defined as
data property

urlop back to ToC or Object Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/url

is defined by
https://schema.org/
General datatype property, potentially usable for specifying the URL of a resource.
has range
URLc

Data Properties

additional nameop back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/additionalName

is defined by
https://schema.org/
The additional name for person, can be used for a middle name.
has domain
Personc
is also defined as
object property

alternative headlineop back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/alternativeHeadline

is defined by
https://schema.org/
A secondary title of a scientific paper.
has domain
Scholarly Articlec
is also defined as
object property

alternative nameop back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/alternateName

is defined by
https://schema.org/
General datatype property, potentially usable for specifying alternative names of a resource.
is also defined as
object property

awardop back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/award

is defined by
https://schema.org/
An award won by or for this scientific paper.
has domain
Scholarly Articlec
is also defined as
object property

citationop back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/citation

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Is used to create references of a scientific paper to other items of creative work (particularly other papers).
has range
stringc
is also defined as
object property

date createdop back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/dateCreated

is defined by
https://schema.org/
The date on which the CreativeWork was created or the item was added to a DataFeed.
has domain
Creative Workc
is also defined as
object property

date modifiedop back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/dateModified

is defined by
https://schema.org/
The date on which the CreativeWork was modified or the item's entry was modified within a DataFeed.
has domain
Creative Workc
is also defined as
object property

descriptionop back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/description

is defined by
https://schema.org/
General datatype property, potentially usable for description of all resources.
is also defined as
object property

emailop back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/email

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Email address of a person or an organization.
has domain
Organizationc or Personc
is also defined as
object property

end pagedp back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/pageEnd

is defined by
https://schema.org/
The page on which the scientific paper ends.
has domain
Scholarly Articlec
has range
stringc

end timeop back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/endTime

is defined by
https://schema.org/
The end time of some event.
has domain
Eventc
is also defined as
object property

family nameop back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/familyName

is defined by
https://schema.org/
The last name of a person.
has domain
Personc
is also defined as
object property

fax numberop back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/faxNumber

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Fax number of a person or an organization.
has domain
Organizationc or Personc
is also defined as
object property

given nameop back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/givenName

is defined by
https://schema.org/
The first name of a person.
has domain
Personc
is also defined as
object property

headlineop back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/headline

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Headline or title of a scientific paper.
has domain
Scholarly Articlec
is also defined as
object property

honoric prefixop back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/honoricPrefix

is defined by
https://schema.org/
An honorific prefix preceding a person's name such as Dr/Mrs/Mr.
has domain
Personc
is also defined as
object property

honoric suffixop back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/honoricSuffix

is defined by
https://schema.org/
An honorific suffix preceding a person's name such as M.D. /PhD/MSCSW.
has domain
Personc
is also defined as
object property

imageop back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/image

is defined by
https://schema.org/
General datatype property, potentially usable for relating an image of a resource.
is also defined as
object property

in languageop back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/inLanguage

The language of the content or performance or used in an event.
has domain
Creative Workc or Eventc
is also defined as
object property

job titleop back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/jobTitle

is defined by
https://schema.org/
The job title of the person (for example, Knowledge Engineer).
has domain
Personc
is also defined as
object property

keywordsop back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/keywords

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Keywords or tags used to describe the content of a creative work. Multiple entries in a keywords list are typically delimited by commas.
has domain
Creative Workc
is also defined as
object property

legal nameop back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/legalName

is defined by
https://schema.org/
The legal name of an organization.
has domain
Organizationc
is also defined as
object property

logoop back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/logo

is defined by
https://schema.org/
An associated logo of an organization.
has domain
Organizationc
is also defined as
object property

nameop back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/name

is defined by
https://schema.org/
General datatype property, potentially usable for specifying the name of a resource.
is also defined as
object property

same asop back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/sameAs

is defined by
https://schema.org/
General datatype property, potentially usable for relating one resource to a URL representing the same resource.
is also defined as
object property

start pagedp back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/pageStart

is defined by
https://schema.org/
The page on which the scientific paper starts.
has domain
Scholarly Articlec
has range
stringc

start timeop back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/startTime

is defined by
https://schema.org/
The start time of some event.
has domain
Eventc
is also defined as
object property

telephoneop back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/telephone

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Telephone number of a person or an organization.

textop back to ToC or Data Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/text

is defined by
https://schema.org/
The textual content of this creative work.
has domain
Creative Workc
is also defined as
object property

Named Individuals

0000 0002 2780 0222ni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2780-0222

is same as
vera meister

Action Research (Wilde/Hess)ni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResMethActionResearch

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
Solving a practice problem by a mixed group of scientists and practical experts. Several cycles of analysis, action and evaluation steps, each with a low level of structured instruments such as group discussions or planning games, are conducted.
belongs to
Research Method Typec
has facts
urlop "http://doi.org/10.1007/s11576-007-0064-z"

analyzeni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResActTypeAnalyze

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
examine something systematically and in detail
belongs to
Research Action Typec

Applicationni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResArtifactApplication

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
software artifact with a certain range of functions
belongs to
Rresearch Artifactc

Argumentative Deductive Analysis (Wilde/Hess)ni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResMethArgumentDedAnalysis

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
Pure-language logical-deductive inferencing (as, for example, in philosophy)
belongs to
Research Method Typec
has facts
urlop "http://doi.org/10.1007/s11576-007-0064-z"

Blueprintni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResArtifactBlueprint

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
model or technical design of an object
belongs to
Rresearch Artifactc

Business Processni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResArtifactBusinessProcess

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
set of interacting and interdependent activities that converts input to output
belongs to
Rresearch Artifactc

Case Study (Wilde/Hess)ni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResMethCaseStudy

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
The case study usually examines complex, difficult-to-distinguish phenomena in their natural context. It represents a special form of the qualitative-empirical methodology, which is investigated intensively by a few feature-bearers. It is either the objective examination of theses (behavioral approach) or the interpretation of behavioral patterns as the phenotypes of the realities constructed by the subjects (construction-oriented access).
belongs to
Research Method Typec
has facts
urlop "http://doi.org/10.1007/s11576-007-0064-z"

collectni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResActTypeCollect

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
collect all parts or aspects of a complex object
belongs to
Research Action Typec

Conceptual Deductive Analysis (Wilde/Hess)ni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResMethConceptualDedAnalysis

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
Logic-deductive inferencing using semiformal models
belongs to
Research Method Typec
has facts
urlop "http://doi.org/10.1007/s11576-007-0064-z"

conceptualizeni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResActTypeConceptualize

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
define the essential terms (concepts) and relations of a domain
belongs to
Research Action Typec

constructni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResActTypeConstruct

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
create something according to certain design or architectural principles
belongs to
Research Action Typec

defineni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResActTypeDefine

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
unambiguously describe or explain a concept
belongs to
Research Action Typec

designni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResActTypeDesign

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
basically design an object, mostly according to appropriate design principles
belongs to
Research Action Typec

Design Science (Hevner)ni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResMethDesignScience

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
Design Science is an outcome-based information technology research methodology, which offers specific guidelines for evaluation and iteration within research projects.
belongs to
Research Method Typec
has facts
urlop "http://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-5653-8_2"

developni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResActTypeDevelop

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
create something new, mostly using specialist methods and tools
belongs to
Research Action Typec

Development Frameworkni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResArtifactDevFramework

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
complex (technical) environment for the development of applications and IT systems
belongs to
Rresearch Artifactc

Documentationni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResArtifactDocumentation

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
technical, formal or semi-formal description of an object and the circumstances of its development or function
belongs to
Rresearch Artifactc

elicitni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResActTypeElicit

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
capture characteristics of objects under examination (eg by measurement)
belongs to
Research Action Typec

enhanceni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResActTypeEnhance

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
improve an object in certain features or aspects
belongs to
Research Action Typec

Ethnography (Wilde/Hess)ni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResMethEthnography

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
Ethnography would like to generate insights through participatory observation. The difference to the case study lies in the very high extent in which the researcher is integrated into the investigated social environment. There is a very small objective distance.
belongs to
Research Method Typec
has facts
urlop "http://doi.org/10.1007/s11576-007-0064-z"

evaluateni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResActTypeEvaluate

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
assess a quantitative or qualitative property of an object
belongs to
Research Action Typec

extendni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResActTypeExtend

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
extend an object by properties or in its scope of functions or services
belongs to
Research Action Typec

extractni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResActTypeExtract

separate defined parts of a complex object and provide them in a suitable form
belongs to
Research Action Typec

Field Experiment (Wilde/Hess)ni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResMethFieldExperiment

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
The field experiment investigates causal relationships in a controlled environment by manipulating an experimental variable in a repeatable manner and measuring the effect of manipulation. The object to be investigated is examined in its natural environment (in the 'field'), whereby the possibilities of environmental control are significantly influenced.
belongs to
Research Method Typec
has facts
urlop "http://doi.org/10.1007/s11576-007-0064-z>"

Formal Deductive Analysis (Wilde/Hess)ni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResMethFormalDedAnalysis

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
Logic-deductive inferencing using mathematical-formal models
belongs to
Research Method Typec
has facts
urlop "http://doi.org/10.1007/s11576-007-0064-z"

Grounded Theory (Wilde/Hess)ni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResMethGroundedTheory

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
The Grounded Theory aims at the inductive acquisition of new theories by intensive observation of the object of investigation in the field. The various procedures for coding and evaluating the predominantly qualitative data are precisely specified.
belongs to
Research Method Typec
has facts
urlop "http://doi.org/10.1007/s11576-007-0064-z"

implementni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResActTypeImplement

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
implement a designed object technically
belongs to
Research Action Typec

integrateni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResActTypeIntegrate

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
merge several objects into a single unit
belongs to
Research Action Typec

IT Infrastructureni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResArtifactInfrastructure

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
a combined set of hardware, software, networks, facilities, etc. (including all of the information technology), in order to develop, test, deliver, monitor, control or support IT services
belongs to
Rresearch Artifactc

IT Systemni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResArtifactITSystem

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
complex object of information technology whose parts interact and form a desing-related and functional whole
belongs to
Rresearch Artifactc

Laboratory Experiment (Wilde/Hess)ni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResMethLabExperiment

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
The laboratory experiment investigates causal relationships in a controlled environment by manipulating an experimental variable in a repetitive manner and measuring the effect of manipulation. The object to be investigated is examined in an artificial environment (in the 'laboratory'), whereby the possibilities of environmental control are significantly influenced.
belongs to
Research Method Typec
has facts
urlop "http://doi.org/10.1007/s11576-007-0064-z"

Linked Datani back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResArtifactLinkedData

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
standard-based, structured data, mostly based on the Semantic Web stack
belongs to
Rresearch Artifactc

Literature Review (Machi/McEvoy)ni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResMethLiteratureAnalysis

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
A literature review is a written document that presents a logically argued case founded on a comprehensive understanding of the current state of knowledge about a topic of study. This case establishes a convincing thesis to answer the study’s question.
belongs to
Research Method Typec
has facts
urlop "https://lccn.loc.gov/2015048510"

Methodni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResArtifactMethod

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
prescription of procedures or activities which is aimed at a specific result under appropriate conditions
belongs to
Rresearch Artifactc

Modeling Languageni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResArtifactModelingLanguage

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
collection of syntactic rules (grammar) and semantic specifications for representing objects of a particular domain
belongs to
Rresearch Artifactc

NLP Artifactni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResArtifactNLPArtifact

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
result of a process of manipulation of natural language objects
belongs to
Rresearch Artifactc

Ontologyni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResArtifactOntology

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
semantic network of different configuration stages; up to formally specified conceptualizations of a domain
belongs to
Rresearch Artifactc

Policyni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResArtifactPolicy

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
basic precepts in a particular field of action
belongs to
Rresearch Artifactc

Prototyping (Wilde/Hess)ni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResMethPrototyping

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
A preliminary version of an application system is developed and evaluated. Both steps can generate new insights.
belongs to
Research Method Typec
has facts
urlop "http://doi.org/10.1007/s11576-007-0064-z>"

proveni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResActTypeProve

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
investigate how an object meets certain requirements; whether a statement (about an object) is true
belongs to
Research Action Typec

provideni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResActTypeProvide

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
provide an object in a suitable manner for use
belongs to
Research Action Typec

q1391182ni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q1391182

belongs to
Organizationc
has facts
nameop "BUAS - Brandenburg University of Applied Sciences"@en
urlop "http://th-brandenburg.de"
locationop q3931

q3931ni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q3931

belongs to
Placec

Qualitative Research (Wilde/Hess)ni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResMethQualitativeResearch

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
This method integrates survey techniques such as questionnaires, interviews, Delphi method, content analyzes, etc. into an aggregate. It comprises a one-time survey over several individuals, which is subsequently coded and evaluated qualitatively. The result is a cross-section profile characteristic for the sample participants, which usually allows conclusions to be drawn on the total population.
belongs to
Research Method Typec
has facts
urlop "http://doi.org/10.1007/s11576-007-0064-z"

Quantitative Research (Wilde/Hess)ni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResMethQuantitativeResearch

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
This method integrates survey techniques such as questionnaires, interviews, Delphi method, content analyzes, etc. into an aggregate. It comprises a one-time survey over several individuals, which is subsequently coded and evaluated quantatively. The result is a cross-section profile characteristic for the sample participants, which usually allows conclusions to be drawn on the total population.
belongs to
Research Method Typec
has facts
urlop "http://doi.org/10.1007/s11576-007-0064-z"

Reference Modeling (Wilde/Hess)ni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResMethReferenceModeling

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
The reference modeling produces inductively (out of observations) or deductively (eg from theories or models) mostly simplified and optimized projections (ideal concepts) of systems, in order to deepen existing knowledge and generate design templates from this.
belongs to
Research Method Typec
has facts
urlop "http://doi.org/10.1007/s11576-007-0064-z"

Requirementsni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResArtifactRequirements

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
characteristics or features of an object required by potential users
belongs to
Rresearch Artifactc

Simulation (Wilde/Hess)ni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResMethSimulation

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
The simulation models the behavior of the system to be investigated formally and compares environmental conditions with certain assignments of the model parameters. Both the model construction and the observation of the endogenous model parameters allow to gain insights.
belongs to
Research Method Typec
has facts
urlop "http://doi.org/10.1007/s11576-007-0064-z"

spv vocabulary (BMaKE)ni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#

This ontology is mainly defined under the reuse of schema.org classes, relations and attributes. It is aimed at the support of research groups in the field of Business Modeling and Knowledge Engineering (BMaKE) in their collaborative work for qualitatively analyzing scholarly papers as well as sharing the results of that analyses and judgements. The main contribution of this vocabulary are five specific classes for structuring and collecting the following qualitative characteristics of scholarly papers: research objectives, research methods, research findings, future work, critique. An additional inner structure is proposed for research objectives, qualifying them as schema:StructuredValue and combining them from two lists: research action types and research artifacts. The specific classes are subclasses of schema:ItemList. In addition, the classes for research methods, research action types and research artifacts are declared as subclasses of enumeration. Thus the typical methods, activities and research artifacts of the research area can be listed in the vocabulary itself.
belongs to
vocabularyc

Standard, Guidelineni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResArtifactStandard

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
specific reference or prescription for actions in a particular field of action
belongs to
Rresearch Artifactc

structureni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResActTypeStructure

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
systematically organize parts, aspects or the like of a complex object
belongs to
Research Action Typec

Systemni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResArtifactSystem

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
complex object whose parts interact and form a design-related and functional whole
belongs to
Rresearch Artifactc

Term Definitionni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResArtifactTermDefinition

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
Unambiguously described or explained technical or business term
belongs to
Rresearch Artifactc

vera meisterni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spe#VeraMeister

belongs to
Personc
is same as
0000 0002 2780 0222
has facts
given nameop "Vera G."
nameop "Vera G. Meister"
family nameop "Meister"
urlop "https://www.th-brandenburg.de/mitarbeiterseiten/fbw/vera-meister/"
emailop "vera.meister@th-brandenburg.de"
affiliationop q1391182

Workflowni back to ToC or Named Individual ToC

IRI: https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#ResArtifactWorkflow

is defined by
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
clearly specified sequence of activities to achieve a desired target state
belongs to
Rresearch Artifactc

Annotation Properties

item list elementap back to ToC or Annotation Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/itemListElement

is defined by
https://schema.org/
For itemListElement values can be used simple strings or existing entities.
has domain
Item Listc
is also defined as
object property

legal nameap back to ToC or Annotation Property ToC

IRI: http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#legalName

locationap back to ToC or Annotation Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/location

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Is used for different purposes to refer to a geographical place, e. g. for event locations (termporal) or for organization locations (permanent).
has domain
_:genid-nodeid-ub180bL305C16
is also defined as
object property

telephoneap back to ToC or Annotation Property ToC

IRI: https://schema.org/telephone

is defined by
https://schema.org/
Telephone number of a person or an organization.
has domain
_:genid-nodeid-ub180bL515C16
is also defined as
object property, data property

term statusap back to ToC or Annotation Property ToC

IRI: http://www.w3.org/2003/06/sw-vocab-status/ns#term_status

Namespace Declarations back to ToC

default namespace
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spv#
dc
http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/
downloads
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/downloads/
entity
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/
ns
http://www.w3.org/2003/06/sw-vocab-status/ns#
ns2
http://creativecommons.org/ns#
orcid-org
http://orcid.org/
owl
http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#
rdf
http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#
rdfs
http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#
schema
https://schema.org/
skos
http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#
spe
https://bmake.th-brandenburg.de/spe#
vann
http://purl.org/vocab/vann/
voaf
http://purl.org/vocommons/voaf#
xsd
http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#

This HTML document was obtained by processing the OWL ontology source code through LODE, Live OWL Documentation Environment, developed by Silvio Peroni.